Friday, 12 May 2017

Fractures Types Nursing Interventions

Fractures Types Nursing interventions

Fracture Definition                         

Fracture is a Crack or Break in a Bone
                                          Or
Complete or Partial breakage of bone or Perioestium
             Or
 Fracture is defined any disruption in the normal Bone continuity of a Perioestium

Causes of fractures

Trauma

Indirect force

Direct force,

Force of ligaments,

Force of Muscular (Muscle Stretching) Action

Types of Fractures


Simple fractures

Fracture types,Simple fracture, fracture complications,Nursing care,Nursing Interventions




 Stress fracture



















Compound fractures
Compound fracture,Fracture Definition,Fracture type,fracture Complications,Nursing Care,Medical Management,Surgical Management


















Complicated fractures

























Fracture classification


Oblique fracture

Fracture types,Oblique fracture,definition of fracture,fracture management,
























Transverse fractures























Spiral fractures,

spiral fracture definition,fracture classification,fracture nursing management,nursing assessment



Depressed fractures


Depressed  fracture,Definition of Depressed fracture,fracture first aid


















Impacted fractures
Impacted fracture definition,Signs and Symptoms of fracture,Causes of fracture,



















Comminuted

Communited fracture definition, Types of fracture,Bone injury,























Compressed fracture


fracture type,complication of fracture,first aid fracture,surgery for fracture





















Green Stick


definition of Green stick fracture 
















Fracture Diagnosis

Radio-logical Studies i.e X- Ray, Computerised Tomography Scan, Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan

Fracture Medical management


Give medications as prescribed

Analgesics and Anti-inflammatory

Calcium and vitamin Supplements

Antibiotics to prevent Infections

Closed reductions

 Applying Bandages and POP Casts

Fracture Surgical Management


Open reduction and implant fixation

External fixation i.e, Illizarow ring fixation

Arthroscopy for ligament injures and repairs

Dietary management


Provide calcium rich diet i.e, Milk and dairy products, green leaf vegetables

Fracture Nursing Assessment

Assess for Pain at Injured part, with Pain Scale,

Assess or Tenderness of injured part and Swelling, Bruising, Cripitus,

Check for Abnormal Mobility of limb or Joint,

Muscle Spasm,

Neurological, Muscular Changes,

Asses for Any Head and Neck, Spinal Injuries,

Remove Dressing and Bandages applied at outside or by others to know severity of injury,

Nursing interventions and Nursing care for fractures

To Make Patient in Comfortable Position

To prevent further injuries

If Any Haemorrhage control bleeding

Minimise or Prevent movements of injured part

Provide comfortable support to fractured part during Transportation to hospital

Remove tight Bangle, clothing,

Fractured limb or part support with Splint

Complications of Fracture

Early compilations

External Bleeding

Internal Bleeding

Shock

Nerve damage,

Choice to get Infection

 Long Term complications


Vascular necrosis

Deformity or Mal Union

DVT- Deep vein thrombosis



Fat Embolism and Pulmonary Embolism

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